Hops were extracted from the moraceae plant hops HumuluslupulusL.The female inflorescence was extracted and prepared.It has the functions of anti-tumor, anti-oxidation, anti-bacteria and eliminating free radicals in the body. It can be used as a food additive to prevent food corruption, and can be used as an antioxidant in medicine, cosmetics, health food and food.Therefore, hops have great prospects for development and utilization.Hop is a dioecious multi-chemicalbook annual fibrous root twine herb, can grow in many parts of the world, mainly distributed in the United States, Europe, Australia, South America and China.Hops can give beer a special bitter taste and unique flavor, and has a certain anti-corrosion performance, known as the “soul of beer”, since the 12th century hops in beer brewing began to add use, so far it is still the most important use for beer brewing.
Main components and effects of Hops Extract
1. Xanthohumol is the main flavonoid containing isoprene group in female flowers of beer.In fact, hops are the only source of naturally occurring isoprene flavonoids found so far.
It is well known that flavonoids have a wide range of physiological and pharmacological activities, including gallbladder, anti-ulcer, liver protection, spasmolysis, diuretic, antiviral and so on.The isopentadienyl flavonoids also have anti-hyperplasia and anti-cancer effects.Xanthohumol is the best cancer chemoprophylaxis agent currently studied.Enzymes that induce detoxification of carcinogens;Inhibit the growth of early tumors.
2. Antioxidants effect.
Studies have shown that xanthohumol has a clearance rate of oxygen free radicals in the body several times higher than other antioxidants, and its antioxidant ability is stronger than vitamin E.
3. 8- isoprene
The most effective phytoestrogens isolated by 3.8-ISOP are 8-isoprene (8-PN), which competitively bind estrogen receptors, induce alkaline phospholipase activity, increase progesterone receptor mRN A of cultured endometrial cells, and upregulate preselin-2, another estrogen inducer.To improve the symptoms of menopause has a certain effect, and the use of safety is stronger.
4. Sedation effect
Hops are used for hysteria, restlessness, insomnia and other symptoms in foreign folk. Hops extract can also play a role in small amount of central nervous system sedation, medium amount of hypnosis and large amount of paralysis.
5. Radiation resistance effect
The effect of hops flavonoids on the number of white blood cells in irradiated mice was measured. Hops flavonoids had protective effect on immune white blood cells in irradiated mice, and the protective effect of middle and high dose groups on white blood cells was higher than that of ginkgo biloba control group.The effect of total flavonoids of hops on spleen and thymus of radiated mice was measured. The results showed that the protective effect of total flavonoids of Hops on spleen and thymus of radiated mice was similar to that of ginkgo biloba flavonoids in medium-dose group, and the protective effect of high dose group was better than other groups.
6. Antiviral and antibacterial effect
The main components of hops extract are flavonoids and flavonoids, which have antiviral effects.Studies have shown that hops extract has an inhibitory effect on a variety of bacteria, such as Bacillus anthracis, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus diphtheria, Dicoccus pneumoniae, staphylococcus aureus, etc.
Post time: Sep-08-2021